Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass.
Three series of Yb3+-doped silica glasses containing different amounts of Al2O3 and P2O5 were prepared successfully by using a sol–gel method. Absorption, excitation and fluorescence spectra of Yb2+ ions in these silica glasses as well as X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) of Yb4d were recorded and analysed systematically. It is found out that the addition of Al3+ or P5+ ions has great influence on the redox state of ytterbium ions. With increasing Al3+ ion contents in these silica glasses, more trivalent Yb3+ ions are reduced to divalent Yb2+. In contrast, the increase of P5+ ion contents greatly promotes divalent Yb2+ ions to be oxidized to trivalent Yb3+. The possible redox mechanisms have been explored and discussed in detail. The influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the near-infrared luminescence intensity of Yb3+ ions and cooperative luminescence of Yb3+ ion pairs was also discussed. Both the near-infrared luminescence intensity of Yb3+ ions and cooperative luminescence of Yb3+ ion pairs decrease gradually with increasing Al3+ and P5+ ion contents. The decrease of cooperative luminescence of Yb3+ ion pairs indicates a good dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in Yb3+-doped silica glass. The results are useful for optimization of fabrication of the high quality Yb3+-doped silica fiber by the composite design of Yb–Al–P co-doped silica glass.
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